SweetWiki: a semantic wiki

Michel Buffa, Fabien Gandon, Peter Sander, Catherine Faron, Guillaume Ereteo

Abstract


Everyone agrees that user interactions and social networks are among the cornerstones of "Web 2.0". Web 2.0 applications generally run in a web browser, propose dynamic content with rich user interfaces, offer means to easily add or edit content of the web site they belong to and present social network aspects. Well-known applications that have helped spread Web 2.0 are blogs, wikis, and image/video sharing sites; they have dramatically increased sharing and participation among web users. It is possible to build knowledge using tools that can help analyze users' behavior behind the scenes: what they do, what they know, what they want. Tools that help share this knowledge across a network, and that can reason on that knowledge, will lead to users who can better use the knowledge available, i.e., to smarter users. Wikipedia, a wildly successful example of web technology, has helped knowledge-sharing between people by letting individuals freely create and modify its content. But Wikipedia is designed for people - today's software cannot understand and reason on Wikipedia's content. In parallel, the "semantic web", a set of technologies that help knowledge-sharing across the web between different applications, is starting to gain attraction. Researchers have only recently started working on the concept of a "semantic wiki", mixing the advantages of the wiki and the technologies of the semantic web. In this paper we will present a state-of- the-art of semantic wikis, and we will introduce SweetWiki, an example of an application reconciling two trends of the future web: a semantically-augmented web and a web of social applications where every user is an active provider as well as a consumer of information. SweetWiki makes heavy use of semantic web concepts and languages, and demonstrates how the use of such paradigms can improve navigation, search, and usability.

Full Text: PDF
Type of Paper: System Paper
Keywords: Wiki; Semantic Web; Social Tagging; Ontology; Web 2.0; acquaintance networks
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